Oxygen Supplier to Pittsburgh

Oxygen (O2) is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, highly oxidizing gas. Greco Gas provides oxygen to Pittsburgh businesses.

The commercial development of oxygen followed changes in technology throughout the nineteenth century. Efforts to develop cost-effective mechanical refrigeration provided a methodology to liquefy air. While nominally a dead end as far as refrigeration, air liquefaction almost immediately led to air distillation into its primary components: nitrogen, oxygen and argon. Due to the significant relative differences in the condensing and boiling points of these gases, extremely high purities of each were widely available. Coincidentally, brisk progress in electrochemistry and the quickly developing electro-plating businesses proved that sending an electric current through an aqueous salt solution generated gases at both the anode and the cathode, these gases were quickly identified as oxygen and hydrogen, respectively.

In the mean time, the Bessemer steel process proved that large quantities of high quality steel could be produced from iron with adding oxygen-laden air. The Bessemer process became the best alternative to the Crucible process in terms of uniform steel purity, vastly expanded steel-making capacity and radically lower cost, especially if a source of high purity oxygen replaced air in the process.

With an adequate potential base-load provided by steel production, low-cost, high purity oxygen’s availability spured several previously proposed applications that hadn’t been commercialized because the expense was too great. These included oxy-acetylene welding and cutting, float glass manufacture, and the application of pure oxygen as an explosive in underground coal mining. And once cylinders provided a viable option for packing and transporting gas, the use of oxygen for breathing and respiratory therapy grew rapidly. While oxygen as an explosive’s use was dramatically curtailed in the 1920’s, steel and glass manufacture, respiratory demand and oxy-acetylene welding and cutting are still are the major uses of oxygen in the twenty-first century. Other large oxygen demand processes now include water purification and paper production, where oxygen’s oxidative properties allow it to replace chlorine in many applications.

Environmental monitoring and semiconductor manufacturing account for a significant amount of oxygen’s demand in the specialty gas world. PurityPlus Hydrocarbon-Free and Ultra High Purity Oxygen are used to create Zero and Ultra Zero Air for atmospheric and environmental monitoring base-line studies. These are also used as a combustion support gas in conjunction with UHP Hydrogen in Flame Ionization and Flame Photometric Detectors used in Gas Chromatography. Ultra High Purity and Research Grade Oxygen can also used in calibration mixtures for environmental emission monitoring, industrial hygiene and safety monitors. The electronics industry also uses vast quantities of Ultra High Purity Oxygen for laser etching of silicon substrates.

Find out how Greco Gas can help supply your oxygen needs in Pittsburgh today! Call us at (724) 226-3800 or connect with us online here.